Einmal Burnout ist nicht immer Burnout: Eine stationäre multimodale Psychotherapie ist eine ektive Burnout-Behandlung

Effectiveness of an Inpatient Multimodal Psychiatric- Psychotherapeutic Program for the Treatment of Job Burnout

1Kathleen Schwarzkopf, 2Nathalie Conrad, 3,4Doris Straus, 3,4Hildburg Porschke, 1,5Roland von Känel

Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Inselspital Bern1; ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften, Zürich2; Oberwaid Kurhotel & Privatklinik, St. Gallen3; Clinica Holistica Engiadina, Susch4; Psychosomatische Medizin, Klinik Barmelweid5 

Abstract: We studied the clinical course and long-term effects of inpatient treatment in 723 patients with job burnout referred with an ICD-10 F diagnosis and Z73.0 code («overwhelming exhaustion») to a Swiss hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. Patients were characterized in terms of age, gender, socioeconomic status. Self-rated psychological measures related to general and burnout-specific symptoms (i.e., emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished personal accomplishments) were applied before and after a six-week treatment program, as well as at 15 months after hospi- tal discharge in 232 patients. The results show that the multimodal inpatient psychiatric-psychotherapeutic treatment was successful with a sustainable effect on psychological well-being (>90 %), including improvements regarding emotional ex- haustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishments as well as professional reintegration in 71 % of cases.

Key words: burnout – psychological stress – multimodal therapy – work – professional reintegratio